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                WgÌIՓČWƽ_ǰλãWg > Փ > Փ

                оGɫʹڵĆ}ch

                rg2020-11-17 ԴЇЈ ֔4921
                ߣ,e λϽQšIgWԺ

                ժ    ҪGɫİlչhoYԴsҪBԇ^,푪lչóоGɫ,麣ϰlչBԇ^ؕI,ȫʡȫʾb\ݔɂhMп,GɫͬFڵĆ},̽}ĸԴ,Mڴ˻AЧĽQ

                PI~; ; Gɫh;

                ,ȫhʹo˼Ȼľη֮,˼hıoYԴĹsõȷIJfIǬF՘IҪMɲ,ҲƄʽDMMĬFȌԮaIĿǰճ,a˴IJɽİbϼ\ݔ^܇vβŷŌɵȾ,ʰlչоGɫ̈́ڱͨ^{коGɫF,оGɫʹڵĆ},MĽQʩ

                1 оGɫͬF

                1.1 bhG̶

                ,еĿfL2016Ŀf3434.23f,ͬL73.16%,ͬfI62850.45fԪ,ͬL61.79%;2017f4192.34f,ͬL22.08%,ͬfI78271.57fԪ,ͬL24.54%;2018f4981.17f,ͬL18.82%,ͬfI98588.08fԪ,ͬL25.96%1
                 

                оGɫʹڵĆ}ch
                 

                ,еĿfLM˽İlչ,ͬrҲ˴İbMԼhȾŒоGɫаbhGɫ̶ȵ{,xȡ˺дԵĿf˾Wc,MаbhGɫ̶ȵČ{,ÿfWc{Иӱ1000,{ЃBmһΕrgռȡrİbЩ,˽ռˌ̎r,ѭhðbϵ傀fWc{ДMнyӋ,lFbҪϴb㼈аbĭаb㼈ϴķN,傀fWcķNb͔Mƽ,õ1ʾ

                1 fWcGɫb{r
                1 fWcGɫb{r

                1.2 \ݔͭhG̶

                Ŀǰ,ʡh՚мw(PM2.5)ԴڙC܇βռ35%,ͬ,еĸ_45%,ϺеĞ29.2%,еĞ52.1%2,pٙC܇βȾ,ɞhpp“ؓ”yȼ܇هʯԴ,ʹ^Еŷһ̼̼wȾ,坍Դ܇܌Fʹ^еȾŷ,Ч܇βŷŎĭhȾ

                猍˽еľGɫr,Pxȡ˾M{,˽@Щ˾Ŀǰ͵Ľͨߵr,xȡĴI\ݔߵԴ܇vryӋY2ʾ

                2 IԴ܇vr
                2 IԴ܇vr

                ɱ2֪,ҴIԴ܇vж,ɼ\ݔ܇vIԴ܇v^60%,ԠI܇vIƫ,͵IJ10%wҕǿ,IԴ܇ƽֻ39.6%,^

                “һ”ýͨȫǃ݆늄܇,Դͨ_100%

                1.3 GɫR{

                lչоGɫ,HҪ,ҪVȺ֧,挍˽ĭhR,PߌоMˆ{ռ800Чӱ,PߌջصЧw{֪,ÿµİ13ľռ66%;˂յİ,bҪ㼈аbϴbԼ㼈cϴɷNϵĽMϰbӶ,քeռ53%58%57%;ڲ_Ɠpİb,74%x̎ʽM,b^,H37%^mʹC,аlչGɫ߀кܶ}ؽQ

                2 GɫʹڵĆ}ԭ

                ͨ^ЈľG̶ȵ{w{,֪ЈľG̶Ȳ,ôڵĆ}ԭʲô҂ҪPעc

                2.1 bȾ

                һʹϰbĿǰfҪbʽ,,ȾIҪȾԴ֮һ{Д͆{锵,ϰbռƫ,@bҪ:fbϴȌӰbõϱĤϩĤbϴһPEϻ,|cϩĤһӶϩ,PEϻɸNϩϽ^,¼ӹ,һЩ@NϴĿǰfIʹһNb,Ãrֵ,IԸͶY,˭hȾYԴM

                2.2 b؏ʵ

                {Ĕ@ʾ,ʹ^İbδƓp´μļʹõ˃H37%,ƓpİbxյăH23%,MߌbĻ؏R,еԭ򑪞аbѭhwϵδȫ

                2.3 ȼ܇vβŷȾ

                2018,ȫC܇Ⱦŷſ4065.3f,һ̼(CO)3089.4f,̼仯(HC)368.8f,(NO)562.9f,w(PM)44.2f܇ǙC܇ȾŷŵҪؕI,ŷŵCONOPM^90%,HC^80%܇ͷ,؛܇ŷŵNOPM@ڿ܇,؛܇ҪؕIȼϷ,܇ŷŵNOӽ܇ŷſ70%,PM^90%;܇COHCŷ^,CO^܇ŷſ80%,HC^70%ռ܇7.9%IJ؛܇,ŷ60.0%NO84.6%PM,ǙC܇Ⱦε֮3

                BhַϱصȾԴ,ȾԴλ:C܇βPm^IԴԴԼɢԴ,ЙC܇βȾռ ^ȾԴ,PM2.5ֵ,C܇βռ_35%4Դ\ݔ܇vռʮ֑,ܜpβŷɴ˱oh,ҲϺQ^Q۵İlչλ,Ҫ츣ȫ

                2.4 Դ\ݔ܇vռʵ

                lչGɫLJƏVԴ\ݔ܇vijᎧ,cu,ظˮ,Դ܇аl治HҪ늳늙C늿ȫܵȺļg},߀ҪڌHQ܇͸ߜ¶Լȫͨ^eˮ·ȼgy}Դ\ݔ܇õԭҪc

                (1)늘wС

                늘]ռ,늄܇ҲͺyƏVmǼ늄܇c,Ƽsڸİlչ,dҲȼ܇ҳ늕rg^L늘oռ,늄܇·,ҲRT಻

                (2)Դ܇vʹóɱ^

                ɱ}I@_Ԓ}Դ܇v,ُ܇ɱSޱBɱ,Ҫȼ܇MһЩԴ܇ƽ_ƳU,QһϵІ},ɱҲ^ߵ,Uijɱ,׺ஔIһv܇,ڛ]з؛ԴɢСI,],Ҫ͑ԴI

                (3)늳˥p

                IоԒ“ر”,ָǺܶÈ,ُ܇vijɱ,I\еr,3ԃǿԻرȻ,Գڇ늄܇늳r,˥pٶ^,ò܇ӻرҪ_ʼӯ,ҪR늳ܵQ늳صȆ},ʹIs늳ܶȲ,ϳ܇Il˶܇vȼ¼,l˹䰲ȫԵēn

                (4)Oʩ

                Դ܇δռ,Ҳζ܇ЈҲDzƵyȼ܇vaI朵ij,Լ|ķļgȶԴ܇v,ȼ܇ľSBȷwϵѽdz,늄܇ľSB,ه܇IOʩIJʹԴ܇vƏVK

                (5)d

                ڳ\ݔIy^ص؛Ʒ,@rI\ݔ܇vdҪ^,yȼ\ݔ܇v\,ȼ\ݔ܇vԴ܇@ƫ,Ҫ\,dͳɞԴ\ݔ܇vyƏVԭ֮һ

                (6)hR

                {醖ĽY,hR˂ڲȡfr̫עذb,ԭǴҶ֪bܻ؏,඼DzȡbSԭĿǰ]һ^ƵĻշʽ,ҲȱGɫP˽

                3 аlչGɫͲԽh

                GɫҪ,Gɫlչ,GɫaMƶȌ,_ĄIͼļʹÿɽ؏ʹõĭhb,ĄIȡʩտb,ְl]PeO,ٿbϵĜpú

                3.1 оGɫb

                bɵȾȾ,ԭǰbϵIJɽɵ,ЭhbǽQbȾĸ;fеľ_,õ׵Ƴɵĺdw,@N_オⲻhȾȮȻҲЃI,|fѭhҲһԼǰ,ƷDƷһԼ,ɏUŷ,ѭhbϞwS],YL,ѭhʹ

                3.2 оGɫbģʽ

                ĄƷaIͨ^fQѺ߀f؛հbOԄӻՙCϢƽ_ȶNʽ,տfbI,ƶGɫfbѭhʹwϵ,ɲȡӋeֵʽ,ĄMȡr,O^ԵĻվc,MаbĻ,ISro腢cfbѭhúͻЄԻ؈

                3.3 ӿԴ܇vOʩO

                ҇ܶһ,ȡ·ౣϺaNʽƏVIԴ܇vпԽbеƏV,ͬr,_PɷҎ,ԴҎIُ܇v,ȼ܇I\CMһĹܿ,oԴ\ݔ܇vԼ·̎ߵķ,ԴIԴ\ݔ܇v;ҎI\ݔ܇v̭Q,ُ\ݔ܇vԴ܇ռ;IُԴ܇moһaN,ĄIԴ\ݔ܇v

                3.4 hR

                ȫҪ·Έͤ,OGɫfYͶ,^ṩGɫfY,lżӿMGɫbóh;I̎ҒGɫfZM,NGɫfZ,ڠIIOþGɫbaƷչʾ_,չʾIGɫbaƷ,ռĿfȺռGɫb֪R,ȺþGɫbͻվGɫbR;û“W֙Cýwƽ_,_չИIGɫfճͨ^,ȫGɫfR

                4 YՓ

                GɫdzlչıȻڅSQ׸ۺBԇ^MһM,όǻ󌢲Ӵ,@ҪõľGɫģʽϺʡͭhýlչаlչоGɫ,˺Q^QۺBԇ^Oİlչ,бҪ̽,ڳ^,ȫʡȫʾ˱lչGɫҪf,HҪú플ӰlչOӋ,ҪV񱊷eOc

                īI

                [1]Ą,.ձGɫlչĠrʾ[J].Їͨ,2011,25(1).
                [2]S,.\҇GɫĬFlչ[J].pƼ,2019,35(7).
                [3],w.GɫlչF҇Ćʾ[J].g,2018,37(2).
                [4]Zi,G.ͼGɫhо[J].cƼ,2017(14).
                [5]ȫ,ξS,̕Ծ,.҇Gɫlչо[J].Ƽ,2019,42(9).
                [6],ܴ.Gɫ¿fbģʽĄ[J].KՓ,2018(10).

                ע

                12018о]ИIyӋ
                2W,ʡ坍Դ܇lչҎx,20194
                3BhlЇƄԴh(2019)
                4ՈС:ƶط˜ʹ܇βŷ 

                ԭij̎,e.оGɫ͌C[J].ЇЈ,2020(28):8-10.
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